To combat climate change and unleash actions and investment towards a low carbon, resilient and sustainable future, The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4th November 2016.
At 22nd Session of the Conference of Parties (COP 22) to UNFCCC held in Marrakech, Morocco major thrust areas were developing rules and action framework for operationalizing the Paris Agreement and advance work on pre-2020 Actions, Marrakech Action Proclamation for our Climate and Sustainable Development” which captured the sense of urgency to take action on climate change, need to strengthen and support efforts to eradicate poverty, ensure food security and enhance resilience of agriculture and mobilization of USD 100 billion per year as green fund.
India’s green actions:
• India ratified the Paris Agreement.
• India’s comprehensive NDC target is to lower the emissions intensity of GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 levels, to increase the share of non-fossil fuels based power generation capacity to 40 per cent of installed electric power capacity by 2030, and to create an additional (cumulative) carbon sink of 2.5-3 GtCO2e through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
• A target of 175 GW of renewable energy capacity to be reached by 2022 In order to achieve the target, the major programmes/ schemes on implementation of Solar Park, Solar Defence Scheme, Solar scheme for Central Public Sector Undertakings, Solar photovoltaic (SPV) power plants on Canal Bank and Canal Tops, Solar Pump, Solar Rooftop, etc. have been launched in recent years. • India attained 4th position in global wind power installed capacity after China, USA and Germany.
• As on 31st October 2016, India achieved 46.3 GW grid-interactive power capacity; 7.5 GW of grid-connected power generation capacity in renewable energy; and small hydro power capacity of 4.3 GW. In addition, 92305 Solar Pumps were installed and Rs.38,000 crore worth of Green Energy Corridor is being set up to ensure evacuation of renewable energy.
• National Tariff Policy for electricity was amended focus on the environmental aspect with provisions such as
1. Renewable Purchase Obligation in which 8 per cent of electricity consumption excluding hydro power shall come from solar energy by March 2022;
2. Renewable Generation Obligation in which new coal/lignite based thermal plants after specified date to also establish/procure/ purchase renewable capacity;
3. Bundling of renewable power with power from plants whose Power Purchase Agreements have expired or completed their useful life;
4. No inter-state transmission charges for solar and wind power;
5. Procurement of 100 per cent power produced from waste-to energy plants;
6. Ancillary services to support grid operation for expansion of renewable energy, etc.
Apart from it Launch of Solar Alliance, establishment the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change to assist States and Union Territories to undertake projects and actions for adaptation to climate change, imposition of Clean Environment Cess to finance projects under Green Energy Corridor for boosting up the transmission sector, Namami Gange, Green India Mission, Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, installation of SPV lights and small capacity lights, installation of SPV water pumping systems, SPV Power Plants and Grid Connected Rooftop SPV Power Plants are some major initiatives to fight climate change.